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Sunday, December 13

  1. page Dialects of Spain after General Franco (deleted) edited
    12:49 am

Tuesday, December 8

  1. page The Tarahumara Indians edited ... The Tarahumara Today Unfortunately, the Tarahumara’s native culture and land is becoming thre…
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    The Tarahumara Today
    Unfortunately, the Tarahumara’s native culture and land is becoming threatened by the increased presence of more and more people within the Copper Canyon. The amazing landscape of the Sierra Madres has brought an increasing number of tourists in the last fifty years. Since the canyons are so difficult to navigate, the Mexican government built a railway system eventually pushing the Tarahumara deeper into the canyon. Another dangerous factor to consider when in the Copper Canyon is the Mexican drug dealers or narcotraficantes. This area is impossible to police, which also makes it an excellent area for these Mexican Cartels to grow massive amounts of marijuana. If the Mexican gangs discovered anyone in the canyon near their marijuana crop, it would be much easier for them to kill that person right there than to risk anyone revealing their grow operation location. The marijuana grown in the Copper Canyon is eventually distributed to gangs in America such as the Mexican Mafia. Finally, loggers, along with their necessary trucks and roads have also penetrated deep into the Copper Canyon, spoiling the Tarahumara’s land for growing crops.
    Bibliography
    http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/mesoamerica/tarahumara.html
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarahumara
    http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/11/tarahumara-people/gorney-texthttp://www.mexonline.com/raramuri.htmhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarahumara_languagehttp://barefootted.com/uploaded_images/feet_8X8-794238.jpg

    (view changes)
    3:39 pm
  2. page The Tarahumara Indians edited ... The Tarahumara (pronounced: tara - oo - mara) or Rarámuri, as they call themselves, are indige…
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    The Tarahumara (pronounced: tara - oo - mara) or Rarámuri, as they call themselves, are indigenous people of North Central Mexico. The Tarahumara are one of the largest indigenous groups in North America and have been known to be some of the most amazing, best long distance runners in the world.
    {Copper_Canyon.jpg} Copper Canyon
    {Chihuahua.png} Mexican State of Chihuahua, shaded in blue {copper%20canyon.jpg} Copper Canyon
    History and Geography
    {Chihuahua.png} Mexican State of Chihuahua, shaded in blue {copper%20canyon.jpg} Copper Canyon
    When the Spanish explorers arrived in the Americas in the 1500's, the Tarahumara chose to retreat into the canyons to avoid the unfortunate future of many of the native people of the Americas, such as the Mayans , Aztecs , and Incas of Peru . This initial reclusion from the colonization of Mexico has been said to have shaped and evolved the way the Tarahumara still live today. These people fled towards what is the present day state of Chihuahua, and more specifically into the Copper Canyon, or Barranca del Cobre, in the Sierra Madre Occidental. The Copper Canyon is one of the most inhospitable places in all of North America, with the total square miles exceeding the size of the Grand Canyon in Arizona and valleys within the Copper Canyon that are 1000 feet deeper than the Grand Canyon. At the top of the canyon walls (9,000 ft.), the temperature can vary up to 60 degrees during a single 24 hour period. At the bottom of the canyon, flash floods are common and can be devastating to crops and potentially fatal if a person is caught in one. However, there may often be droughts within the canyon, making even the production of a daily meal a difficult task.
    {Tara_2.jpg}
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    2:59 pm
  3. page The Tarahumara Indians edited ... The Tarahumara (pronounced: tara - oo - mara) or Rarámuri, as they call themselves, are indige…
    ...
    The Tarahumara (pronounced: tara - oo - mara) or Rarámuri, as they call themselves, are indigenous people of North Central Mexico. The Tarahumara are one of the largest indigenous groups in North America and have been known to be some of the most amazing, best long distance runners in the world.
    {Copper_Canyon.jpg} Copper Canyon
    History and Geography
    {Chihuahua.png} Mexican State of Chihuahua, shaded in blue {copper%20canyon.jpg} Copper Canyon
    History and Geography
    When the Spanish explorers arrived in the Americas in the 1500's, the Tarahumara chose to retreat into the canyons to avoid the unfortunate future of many of the native people of the Americas, such as the Mayans , Aztecs , and Incas of Peru . This initial reclusion from the colonization of Mexico has been said to have shaped and evolved the way the Tarahumara still live today. These people fled towards what is the present day state of Chihuahua, and more specifically into the Copper Canyon, or Barranca del Cobre, in the Sierra Madre Occidental. The Copper Canyon is one of the most inhospitable places in all of North America, with the total square miles exceeding the size of the Grand Canyon in Arizona and valleys within the Copper Canyon that are 1000 feet deeper than the Grand Canyon. At the top of the canyon walls (9,000 ft.), the temperature can vary up to 60 degrees during a single 24 hour period. At the bottom of the canyon, flash floods are common and can be devastating to crops and potentially fatal if a person is caught in one. However, there may often be droughts within the canyon, making even the production of a daily meal a difficult task.
    {Tara_2.jpg}
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    2:58 pm
  4. page The Tarahumara Indians edited ... History and Geography {Chihuahua.png} Mexican State of Chihuahua, shaded in blue {copper%20ca…
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    History and Geography
    {Chihuahua.png} Mexican State of Chihuahua, shaded in blue {copper%20canyon.jpg} Copper Canyon
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    devastating to your crops and
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    However, there aremay often be droughts within the canyon, which will makemaking even the production of a daily
    {Tara_2.jpg}
    Language
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    there are a much smaller number ofmany fewer speakers. In
    The Tarahumara language uses the same five vowels as English; however their consonants are much different. This is a graph from Wikipedia.com showing the place of articulation for each of the Tarahumara’s six consonants.
    labial
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    {Tara_3.jpg} {Tara_4.jpg} {Tara_1.jpg}
    Culture
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    well as honestyhonesty, atop their
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    by Christopher Mcdougall,McDougall, he states
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    heavily a corn based beer,corn-based beer as well
    Running Abilities
    The Tarahumara people are known to be the greatest long distance runners in the entire world. Their incredible running talents were first put on display in the 16th century when they successfully fled and outran the Spanish conquistadors. This is especially remarkable because the Spanish were equipped with a far faster mode of transportation, horseback. The Rarámuri now use their running capability for communication among villages, to hunt, and for pleasure. There is a game that the Tarahumara play, rarájipari, or foot throwing. They kick or “foot throw” a small wooden ball for long distances while running through the treacherous valley floor of the Copper Canyon. This game can last hours and even days. I recently read the book Born to Run by Christopher McDougall, which is a non-fiction story about the Tarahumara and their ability to run. In this book, McDougall states that during the rarájipari game participants will usually run over 100 miles. However, the Tarahumara do not run in shoes. They prefer to run in small leather sandals, called huaraches or just completely barefoot.
    {Tara_sandal.jpg} Tarahumara Sandals
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    in the OlympicsOlympic Games numerous times,
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    has ever ranrun competitively has
    The Tarahumara Today
    Unfortunately, the Tarahumara’s native culture and land is becoming threatened by the increased presence of more and more people within the Copper Canyon. The amazing landscape of the Sierra Madres has brought an increasing number of tourists in the last fifty years. Since the canyons are so difficult to navigate, the Mexican government built a railway system eventually pushing the Tarahumara deeper into the canyon. Another dangerous factor to consider when in the Copper Canyon is the Mexican drug dealers or narcotraficantes. This area is impossible to police, which also makes it an excellent area for these Mexican Cartels to grow massive amounts of marijuana. If the Mexican gangs discovered anyone in the canyon near their marijuana crop, it would be much easier for them to kill that person right there than to risk anyone revealing their grow operation location. The marijuana grown in the Copper Canyon is eventually distributed to gangs in America such as the Mexican Mafia. Finally, loggers, along with their necessary trucks and roads have also penetrated deep into the Copper Canyon, spoiling the Tarahumara’s land for growing crops.
    (view changes)
    2:52 pm
  5. page The Tarahumara Indians edited ... {Tara_3.jpg} {Tara_4.jpg} {Tara_1.jpg} Culture Tarahumara culture; food, The Tarahumara…
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    {Tara_3.jpg} {Tara_4.jpg} {Tara_1.jpg}
    Culture
    Tarahumara culture; food,The Tarahumara hold respect for one and other, as well as honesty atop their moral beliefs. For example, they do not have any physical form of currency. Instead they use favors for one another as the method of currency, somewhat like a barter system of favors. This displays their extremely high level of honesty and integrity. The Tarahumara live in small huts, stone or wood cabins, and caves in the sides of the cliffs that encompass the Copper Canyon. Their primary food source is corns, beans, and squash. However, the Tarahumara also grow apples, peaches, oranges, and papayas depending on the season. In the book Born To Run, by Christopher Mcdougall, he states that the Tarahumara also drink heavily a corn based beer, as well as their lechuguilla, a homemade tequila. Their religion is a mix of Mélange, which is an indigenous religion, and Roman Catholic Christianity. The presence of the Jesuits is how the Tarahumara learned the ways of Christianity. Many Tarahumara still wear the traditional clothing of their ancestors, which consists of loin clothes and wide headbands, but today many Tarahumara are dressed in blue jeans, button-up shirts, while the females wear dresses. One very interesting fact about the Tarahumara is that they have NEVER been recorded as having a single case of high blood pressure.
    Running Abilities
    The Tarahumara people are known to be the greatest long distance runners in the entire world. Their incredible running talents were first put on display in the 16th century when they successfully fled and outran the Spanish conquistadors. This is especially remarkable because the Spanish were equipped with a far faster mode of transportation, horseback. The Rarámuri now use their running capability for communication among villages, to hunt, and for pleasure. There is a game that the Tarahumara play, rarájipari, or foot throwing. They kick or “foot throw” a small wooden ball for long distances while running through the treacherous valley floor of the Copper Canyon. This game can last hours and even days. I recently read the book Born to Run by Christopher McDougall, which is a non-fiction story about the Tarahumara and their ability to run. In this book, McDougall states that during the rarájipari game participants will usually run over 100 miles. However, the Tarahumara do not run in shoes. They prefer to run in small leather sandals, called huaraches or just completely barefoot.
    (view changes)
    2:34 pm
  6. page The Tarahumara Indians edited ... The Tarahumara people are known to be the greatest long distance runners in the entire world. …
    ...
    The Tarahumara people are known to be the greatest long distance runners in the entire world. Their incredible running talents were first put on display in the 16th century when they successfully fled and outran the Spanish conquistadors. This is especially remarkable because the Spanish were equipped with a far faster mode of transportation, horseback. The Rarámuri now use their running capability for communication among villages, to hunt, and for pleasure. There is a game that the Tarahumara play, rarájipari, or foot throwing. They kick or “foot throw” a small wooden ball for long distances while running through the treacherous valley floor of the Copper Canyon. This game can last hours and even days. I recently read the book Born to Run by Christopher McDougall, which is a non-fiction story about the Tarahumara and their ability to run. In this book, McDougall states that during the rarájipari game participants will usually run over 100 miles. However, the Tarahumara do not run in shoes. They prefer to run in small leather sandals, called huaraches or just completely barefoot.
    {Tara_sandal.jpg} Tarahumara Sandals
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    course. The country of MexicoMexican Olympic Committee has urged
    ...
    in the Olympics,Olympics numerous times, but they
    The Tarahumara Today
    Unfortunately, the Tarahumara’s native culture and land is becoming threatened by the increased presence of more and more people within the Copper Canyon. The amazing landscape of the Sierra Madres has brought an increasing number of tourists in the last fifty years. Since the canyons are so difficult to navigate, the Mexican government built a railway system eventually pushing the Tarahumara deeper into the canyon. Another dangerous factor to consider when in the Copper Canyon is the Mexican drug dealers or narcotraficantes. This area is impossible to police, which also makes it an excellent area for these Mexican Cartels to grow massive amounts of marijuana. If the Mexican gangs discovered anyone in the canyon near their marijuana crop, it would be much easier for them to kill that person right there than to risk anyone revealing their grow operation location. The marijuana grown in the Copper Canyon is eventually distributed to gangs in America such as the Mexican Mafia. Finally, loggers, along with their necessary trucks and roads have also penetrated deep into the Copper Canyon, spoiling the Tarahumara’s land for growing crops.
    (view changes)
    2:17 pm
  7. page The Tarahumara Indians edited ... n The syntax structure of the Tarahumara language is fairly free, which is consistent with th…
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    n
    The syntax structure of the Tarahumara language is fairly free, which is consistent with the other syntactic forms from their family of language, Uto-Aztecan. They primarily use the subject, object, verb order, however they may alter this order to stress the verb, subject, or object in a sentence. For example, they would use the SVO order to emphasize subject, OVS to emphasize object, and VSO to emphasize the verb. Here are some Tarahumara words and their approximate translation in English:
    Tarahumara ................................................................................English.............................................................................English
    Lechuguilla ................................................................................Homemade Tarahumara tequila
    Kuira-bá ....................................................................................“We’re all one”
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    2:07 pm
  8. page The Tarahumara Indians edited ... History and Geography {Chihuahua.png} Mexican State of Chihuahua, shaded in blue {copper%20ca…
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    History and Geography
    {Chihuahua.png} Mexican State of Chihuahua, shaded in blue {copper%20canyon.jpg} Copper Canyon
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    , and Incas.Incas of Peru . This initial
    {Tara_2.jpg}
    Language
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    2:06 pm
  9. page The Tarahumara Indians edited ... History and Geography {Chihuahua.png} Mexican State of Chihuahua, shaded in blue {copper%20ca…
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    History and Geography
    {Chihuahua.png} Mexican State of Chihuahua, shaded in blue {copper%20canyon.jpg} Copper Canyon
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    as the Mayans,Mayans , Aztecs ,
    {Tara_2.jpg}
    Language
    (view changes)
    2:05 pm

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